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Why use trace element foods

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In an increasingly difficult farming environment, maximising profitability has never been more important. Minerals, vitamins and trace elements play a very important role in animal nutrition and animal production, if there are deficiencies then production and profitability will suffer.

Dairy cows, sucklers, suckler calves, dairy replacements, heifers, growing cattle, beef cattle, store cattle, calves, weanlings, sheep, ewes, lambs, milking sheep and goats all have a requirement for minerals, vitamins and trace elements. The animals will not perform as well as they should and extreme deficiencies in minerals, vitamins and trace elements the consequences are severe. Breeding and reproduction, milk production, growth rates in growing cattle can be greatly affected by even a relatively small deficits and in extreme cases death may occur.

While various forage products such as grass, hay, silage, maize silage, wholecrop silage, brassicas, kale, fodder beet, stubble turnips, forage rape, can provide some of the animals requirements but not always enough to prevent problems. Supplementing diets with products such as trace element boluses have a far larger more consistent effect.
The three most important trace elements for livestock are calcium, magnesium and phosphorous which are essential for a healthy life. These major minerals are required in relatively large quantities. Shortages will cause metabolic disorders in cattle, sheep and goats.

In particular calcium for dairy cows is very important, particularly at calving. A deficiency will lead to hypocalcaemia or milk fever. The economic consequences of milk fever, both clinical and sub clinical are well documented. Cows with low calcium levels, with either clinical or sub clinical milk fever perform less well than cows with good calcium levels. A cow with milk fever, clinical or sub clinical is more likely to suffer from whites, metritis, displacements (LDAs) and be more difficult to get back in calf. Supplementation with a bolus such as Neolaits’ Bolutech Flash containing slow and quick release calcium, magnesium, vitamin A and vitamin D3, and niacin can reduce the risk by bridging the gap between need and supply. Improvements in calcium levels leads to less economic loss, improved production and reproduction and more profit. A herd with 100 cows can lose £20000 per annum.

Phosphorus deficiency can also be seen at calving. The cow that is down at calving does not respond completely to calcium. She cannot quite raise her back legs. This is probably a phosphorous deficiency. This can be corrected with Neolait Bolutech Activ, a phosphorous bolus.

Magnesium deficiency, grass tetany, grass staggers, can lead quickly to death. Magnesium supplementation with Neolait Bolutech Reflex can prevent this problem. Grass staggers is mostly seen in the Spring and Autumn when cows are at grass. High levels of potassium, potash from fertiliser, in the grass can lead to grass tetany by interfering with magnesium uptake. High quality, highly digestible young leafy grass silage can also be short of magnesium. Magnesium also has an important role in calcium mobilisation at calving.

Trace elements, copper, cobalt, iodine, selenium, manganese and zinc all play an important part in animal nutrition and all impact on production and profitability.

Additional trace elements to meet animal needs can be provided using the appropriate Neolait Bolutech Bolus.
Copper deficiency in cattle can be seen when coat colour reddens or in extremis the eyes appear as spectacles. Sheep generally are sensitive to copper and will die if there is excess in the diet. Shortages can be seen in lambs suffering from swayback.

Cobalt is needed to ensure good fibre digestion and energy metabolism. When in short supply lambs and cattle do no grow. This deficiency is known as pine.

Iodine is seen in calves born with hair loss or they are still born.

Selenium is necessary for good muscle development in new born calves and lambs.
Manganese

Zinc is important for healthy feet and skin

Vitamins also play an important role in animal nutrition particularly vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin D3 and the vitamin B complex.

Vitamin A fed at the right levels plays an important part in production and reproduction. Feeding vitamin A above NRC (2001) levels has not shown a health benefit. Higher levels in the dry period and first six weeks of the lactation can improve yield. Excessive feeding in the dry period may conversely suppress yield. Vitamin A is needed for embryo survival and regular cycles.

Vitamin D3 plays an important role at calving helping the cow to produce calcium to prevent milk fever, hypocalcaemia. Vitamin D is supplied by exposure to the sun. Housed cattle may need more supplementation.
Vitamin E plays a major role in helping to maintain health reducing the number of retained cleansings and metritis.
High levels of vitamin C are used in Bolutech Vitality 1.40. This is a bolus to reduce somatic cell counts in milk.
Biotin can improve milk yield and have a positive effect on foot health. Neolait Bolutech Heel is a biotin bolus that lasts 6 months.

Niacin can help improve fat mobilisation through the liver converting the fat to glucose in the blood. This may reduce the incidence of fatty liver disease and ketosis and improve the energy status of the cow. Neolait Bolutech Start bolus contains niacin and is used in early lactation cows to reduce the incidence of fatty livers/ketosis.
The Neolait Bolutech range of boluses covers many needs.

Bolutech Excell slowly releases minerals, vitamins and trace elements over a period of 8 months, 250 days. Excell improves liveweight gain, plus 12% and fertility, up to 30%. Excell is high in levels of copper, cobalt, iodine, selenium, zinc, manganese, vitamins A, E and D.

Bolutech Ovixcell for sheep contains no copper. It is used for improving lambing. Ovixcell is high in levels of cobalt, iodine, selenium, zinc, manganese, vitamins A, E and D. Ovixcell improves colostrum quality, lamb vigour and vitality thereby reducing lamb mortality.

Bolutech Refresh is used specifically for improving conception rates. It contains all the necessary vitamins and minerals and in particular high levels of beta carotene.

Bolutech Ovifresh does the same for sheep. It improves lambing percentage. It is particularly useful for early lambers and where sponges are used.

Improve dry cow management, particularly at grass, with Bolutech Tonic. Bolutech Tonic is a slow release bolus exclusively for dry cows. It lasts for 42 days. Tonic improves colostrum quality, calf vitality and cow and calf health. It contains high levels of iodine, selenium and vitamin E.

The best pets for City living.

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For all its advantages, living in the city sometimes presents a potential pet owner with restrictions on owning a pet. Smaller spaces, and close neighbours can be problematic if a pet owner wants a big noisy animal.
But don’t despair! With a little forethought and some careful planning there is a pet to suit almost any situation. Here are our suggestions for the best pets for city living.

Cats

Cats are a natural fit for city living. They don’t need walking, clean themselves and can be trained to use a litter tray. Keeping a cat in can also protect your pet from dangers such as cars, disease and other animals.
A potential cat owner might also want to consider adopting an older cat. Not only will you be giving a home to a fluffy thing, but an older cat will have less energy and cause less devastation in your home.

Dogs

Dogs come in many different shapes and sizes and vary a great deal in how much space and exercise they need, as well as how noisy and sociable they are.
Dogs can make great pets for flats and city living as long as you put in the research before dashing out and grabbing the first cute face you see. French bulldogs, or Dachshunds are perfect, they are small and require little exercise. For a more complete breed guide please click here.

Rodents

Hamsters, mice, and rats have a lovely inquisitive, social natures. Any rodent lover knows you can lose a lot of time watching their ever twitching noses probing every nook and cranny they find.
Clean and contained rodents make fantastic city pets, the only drawback is they can be a little noisy spinning on their wheel, and as nocturnal creatures, most of this noise would be at night

Lizards

Lizards are great pets for city living, very little mess, quiet, no fur to aggravate allergies, and they don’t need huge spaces to bound around in. Plus who wouldn’t want a tiny dinosaur wrapped around their finger?

Fish

Fish can provide a calm little centre in the otherwise hectic life of the city. These beautiful creatures have many advantages for city living, as with lizards, they are clean, quiet and contained, but they also never develop separation anxiety, which makes them perfect for the workaholic or the social butterfly.
Why not start with a couple of Goldfish in a bowl and see where your imagination, and wallet, takes you

Spiders

Perhaps not for everyone, spider make great pets for a certain type of person. While not sociable creatures, spiders are fascinating to watch as they have a range of interesting behaviours.
There aren’t many pets you can match wits with as you try to keep these escape artists contained.

Birds

Beautiful, intelligent and very social animals, birds make great pets for city living. Birds need relatively little space, are easily trained and are hypoallergenic.
Birds are very social animals, the more love and attention you give them the more affectionate and happy they will be. A great pet for someone looking for a real relationship.

What should you feed your rabbit?

As grazing animals, there are few things rabbits love more than tucking in to a good meal, but a Bugs Bunny carrot is not the best thing for a rabbit to eat. Here is farm and Pets guide to what to feed your rabbit.

 

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Hay

A great source of protein, fibre, vitamins and calcium hay should make up the bulk of your rabbits diet. Hay protects your rabbit’s digestive system and helps your pet maintain good, healthy teeth.

Alfafa should only be given to young rabbits as it is too rich in calcium and calories for adults. Timothy, grass or oat hay is more suitable and should be given to adult rabbit as an unlimited supply.

Veg

An adult rabbit should be given a cup of fresh leafy green vegetables, herbs and weeds per 2kg of weight. Rabbits should be given three types of vegetable daily to make sure your rabbit gets all the vitamin and nutrients it needs. New types of vegetables should be introduced slowly. For a full list of suitable vegetables please click here.

Pellets

A rabbit’s diet should be supplemented with a good quality fresh pellet. Look for a product high in fibre and low in protein. An adult rabbit should be given about a quarter to half a cup of pellets per 2.5kg of body weight. Rabbits should be given fewer and fewer pellets as they age.

Treats

High sugar fruits should never form the basis of a rabbit’s diet. carrots, apples broccoli and herbs can all be given as treats. You should try not for give your rabbit more that 50g of fruit a day because of the sugar content

Fresh water

A rabbit needs a constant supply of clean fresh water to stay healthy. If you are concerned your rabbit isn’t drinking enough, leave any fresh veg wet after cleaning.

Why you should worm your pet

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There are few things that make the skin crawl quite like the thought of an infestation of worms. A writhing ball of pale noodles wriggling its way through your pets gut is not a particularly pleasant thought. An infected pet might not even show any outward symptoms, but worms can cause an animal distress and illness, and even death. So make sure you work out a worming schedule with your vet.

Types of worm

There are two main types of worm that infect pets the tape worm and the round worm

Where do Pets pick worms up?

Pets can pick up worms from a number of places including eating infected animals, soil or faeces. Worm eggs can also be carried by common parasites such as fleas so it is important to flea your pet at the same time as worming in order to avoid reinfection.

Symptoms

While your pet may not show signs of infection at first, here are some signs to look out for

Worms in faeces, vomit or around the anus

Loss of weight

Coat loses condition

Bottom scooting

Bad skin

Reducing the risk

It is important to create a year round worming programme with your vet as there is always the chance of reinfection
Regular flea treatment
Maintain a clean environment for your pet. This includes proper regular cleaning of food bowls, emptying litter treys, and regularly cleaning out any enclosures.

7 things to consider before getting a dog

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Dogs, as the old saying goes, are man’s best friend, and you won’t find anyone disagreeing with that at farmandpet! Dogs give so much to their owners, love, companionship, routine, and play that it’s hard to stop short of recommending a dog to everyone. But before you dive in head first think about your situation and make a list of what you want from a dog and what it wants from you and we’re confident you’ll find a loyal companion. Here are 7 things to consider before you get a dog

Time

Does your dog spend the whole day staring at the door waiting for you to come home? They’re always there, always excited to welcome you home. One of the best things about owning a dog is the companionship, but this is a two way relationship.
Not all dogs need to be walked for miles multiple times a day, but all dogs require affection, attention and a certain amount of routine. If you decide to get a dog you will find your ability to be spontaneous limited. No more drinks after work without popping home to feed the dog, no more weekend dash without finding someone to look after the dog. These problems are easily over come with a little planning, but once you have a dog everything will require a little more forethought.

Space

You don’t have to live on a many acred estate to keep a happy dog. Even if you live in a small flat there is probably still a dog for you, you just have to be sensible when selecting your breed. As a small relatively low energy dog, the French Bulldog is great for small flat, but great big German Shepard crashing around wouldn’t be a good fit! Do your research and find a dog that suits your situation.

Breed

Dogs come in a vast verity of shapes, sizes and temperament, no matter what your needs, likes and dislikes, there is probably a dog for you. Before getting a dog make a list of what you want from a dog and what you don’t want. If you want a dog to take on long walks perhaps a Dalmatian is for you. If you live in a small flat have a look at the Chihuahua. Don’t want too much hair about the house try a Poodle. There are so many breeds and verities there’s bound to be a dog for you. Click here for a guide to different dog breeds

Cost

As brilliant as it is having a dogs can be quite expensive so it’s worth considering a few of the costs before committing.
You will need: Food bowl
Water Bowl
Collar and lead
Dog bed
Food
Neutering
Vaccinations
Flea and worming treatments
Micro chipping
Neutering
Toys!
Insurance

Chew toys

Be prepared to have your shoes and socks eaten, because dogs love to chew and they will chew everything! But don’t worry with a little organisation and a well placed chew toy a lot of this can be avoided. Keep things out of the dogs reach and give a dog something it can chew and it will be happy, but be prepared, accidents do happen.

Age

Puppies are wild little balls of energy and glorious destruction follows in their path! Watching a puppy grow in to a dog is enormously rewarding. Watching their personality grow and change is fantastic. However you need to consider if you’re up to the challenge of a puppy. They need a lot of attention, if you’re very house proud they will leave hair on everything, they will eat your shoes, and need a lot of training. If all this sounds too much consider getting an adult dog who is calmer and well trained.

Socialisation

Socialising a dog is incredibly important to your dog’s temperament. If your puppy is to grow into a gentle friendly dog it’s up to you to make this happen. Early on socialising a dog is very easy, simply playing, handling, speaking softly and in affectionate tone, all of those thing you will hopefully do naturally to make the puppy feel safe and loved.
As they grow it’s important the dogs spend time around other dogs. Learning how to play with one another will help dogs learn not to bite too hard or be too aggressive with other animals. This is a process that must be continued throughout the dog’s life, regular trips to dog friendly parks will help dogs be happy gentle and friendly.

If you’ve considered all these things and found the perfect breed, go get a dog. We promise you won’t regret it!

7 things to consider before getting a cat

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Cats make fantastic pets. They are warm, friendly, affectionate and fun. Whether seeing little faces greeting us at the door, an old lap cat cuddling on a cold day, or watching a kitten chase a fly around the garden, we at Farmandpet firmly believe a cat goes a long way to make a house a home.
Farmandet would recommend cats to almost anyone, but before you jump in with both feet, there are a few things to consider before you get a cat.

Time

Despite being fairly independent animals, perfect for busy modern lifestyles, cats still require a lot of attention and a certain amount of routine. Before getting a cat, you should consider how much time you have for play and cuddles. If you wat an affectionate cat who is always pleased to see you, you will have to spend time handling and playing with your cat.
Once you have your cat you may begin to notice that the animal is always there to greet you when you come home, or is waiting for you in the morning when you get up. Cats are creatures of habit, and while it changes from breed to breed, it can cause a cat distress to have a constantly changing routine. Before you get a cat consider whether you will be around to feed your cat, if you come home and get up a similar time most days, your cat will be waiting!

Breed

As obvious as it may sound, different breeds have different needs! A long haired cat will require daily brushing, some breeds are more sociable, some need to be allowed out, a Maine Coon can grow to 1.2 meters long and weight 8 kilos!
It is worth taking the time to consider what you want from your cat and then selecting the breed to fit your criteria.
For more information on different breeds click here

Location

Consider your house from the point of view of a cat. Do you live near a dangerous road? Do you live in a small flat with no external door? Whatever your situation there is probably a cat for you. Carefully consider the breed and its needs in relation to your living situation.

What age, Kitten or Cat?

Kittens go nuts! They charge round a house knocking things over, scratching the sofa and sometimes your legs, shredding paper, jumping up where they’re not aloud and require training on the litter trey. It is brilliant! There is no animal quite as fun as kitten and we at farmandpet can easily lose hours watching them play.
However this is not for everyone. If you value your peace and quite you may want to consider adopting and older cat. Not only will they be a lot calmer, and hopefully trained, but you will also be giving a loving home to cat that may otherwise struggle to find one. That basically makes you a super hero!

The litter tray

There’s no avoiding it, you’ll have to have a litter tray and it will require regular cleaning. If handling you cats waste is something you don’t think can do, a cat is probably not for you, unless you get an older cat who is aloud outdoors.

Cost

There are a lot of costs associated with having a cats and it is very important to consider if a cat is something you can afford.
Here is a list of costs to consider.
One time costs: Injections
Neutering
Litter tray
Food Bowl
Water bowl
Micro chipping
Recurring costs: Food
Litter
It is also worth considering pet insurance. While it is not strictly necessary, a sick animal can incur significant costs, and become very expensive very quickly.

Other pets

If you have other pets, how will they react to the presence of a cat? A dog may cause the cat distress, a cat may cause a bird distress. If this is the case consider how you would manage these problems.

Our Lucky Competition Winner!

Happy New Year from everybody here at Farm & Pet and what better way to start 2016, than with these pictures of our latest twitter competition winner! Here’s Harvey receiving one of our dog bundles.


Harvey dog bundle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We currently have dog and cat bundles available with both giving you a 20% saving on the price of the individual products. Our dog bundle includes Pethead Dirty Talk Shampoo, Snugglesafe Large Towel, Mikki Brush Ball & Pin Slicker and Mikki Bath Brush. Our Cat Bundle features Ancol Cat Moulting Comb, Armitages Slicker Brush, Bath Sponge Dog or Rabbit, Oatderm Shampoo and Interpet Mikki Matt Splitter.

Enter our New Competition:

Don’t worry if you missed out with the last give away because we’re currently running a new competition for you to win one of our dog or cat bundles, plus the chance to have your pet feature on our website this month. Entering is simple just follow us on twitter and send us a picture of your pet @farmandpet or post them on our facebook page. Once we reach 1000 followers on Twitter or 150 likes on Facebook we’ll select a winner.

If you have any questions about our cat or dog bundles, or any of our products then please get in touch with a member of our expert team!

Farm and Pet Christmas Competition!

We had so many entries in the last competition that we thought it would only be fair to give you all another chance to win a Christmas dog or cat bundle. On top of this, we’re offering the chance for one festive friend to feature on our website! Simply send in a festive photo of your pets, retweet one of our competition tweets and give us a follow.

Once we reach 1000 followers, we’ll choose a lucky winner at random to receive one of our fabulous pet bundles, and to feature on the home page of our website throughout January.

Does your pet have what it takes to be the New Year face of Farm and Pet? Tweet your pictures to @farmandpet or post them on our Facebook page to enter!

Here’s what you can win:

Christmas Dog Bundle

Christmas Cat Bundle

Last Competition Winner

Here’s a picture of Harvey, the winner of our last bundle giveaway. Merry Christmas Harvey, we hope you enjoy your bundle!

Dog Bundle Winner

 

All fresh and clean for Summer

Hi Folks, It ‘s Summer! Time to start getting ourselves all spruced up and looking our best with our amazing range of pet supplies! Farm and Pet have some great grooming products to smarten us up, like this gorgeous Spearmint and Lemongrass Deodorising Shampoo. It’s powerful, but gentle, neutralising odours rather than covering them up! This […]

Bag a bundle at farm and pet

Everything comes in bundles these days, and Farm and Pet can see that bundling up a set of quality products and offering them to you at a great price is just a brilliant way to do business.

As you’ll realise from the banners above we’ve been thinking about grooming and we’ve created two brilliant bundles (one for cats and one for dogs) from the great range of products we have available at Farm and Pet

 

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